Chalkidiki (/kælˈkɪdɪki/GreekΧαλκιδικήromanizedHalkidhikí[xalkiðiˈki]) also spelled ChalkidikeChalcidiceKhalkidhiki, or Halkidiki, is a peninsula and regional unit of Greece, part of the region of Central Macedonia, in the geographic region of Macedonia in Northern Greece. The autonomous Mount Athos region constitutes the easternmost part of the peninsula, but not of the regional unit.

The capital of Chalkidiki is the main town of Polygyros, located in the centre of the peninsula. Chalkidiki is a popular summer tourist destination.


Thessaloniki is the largest in length and population city of Macedonia in North Hellas and also the second largest city in the country, following Athens.

It hosts the headquarters of Thessaloniki’s Township, as well as of the Regional Unity of Thessaloniki. It also hosts the headquarters of Central Macedonia Region and of the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia-Thrace.

It was found in 316/5 B.C. by the Macedonian general Kassandros, who named the city after his wife Thessaloniki, who was half sister of Alexander the Great.

The city originated after the merge of 26 smaller towns around Thermaikos Gulf. During the 2nd century B.C. the city was conquered by the Romans and became a Roman province of Macedonia.


Amfipoli was an ancient town built in east Macedonia by the river Strimonas, on the spot where earlier town Ennea Odoi used to be, or somewhere very close to it.

Amfipoli was found by the Athenians in 437 B.C. in order to control the mines in Thrace, but the Spartans took hold of it during the first period of the Peloponnesian Wars, in 431-421 B.C.


Vergina is a small town in Macedonia, in the prefecture of Imathia, regionally subject to Central Macedonian Region.

It is situated 13 klm southeast of Veroia, capital of the region, and almost 80 klm southwest of Thessaloniki.

Its population rises up to almost 2.000 people, and is located at the foot of Pieria mountain range, 120 meters above the sea level.

Dion Pieria

Dion was an ancient town strategically located and one of the most famous Macedonian states.

Its geographical location is placed at the foot of mount Olympus, where there is a town with the same name in our days.

As both Stravon and Livius report, Dion “was a town not in the Thermaikos Gulf, but was located at a distance of seven stadium, below Olympus.”

The first written report for Dion was by Thucydides, who mentions it as the first town that general Vrasidas marched from in 424 B.C.


Meteora are a complex of huge dark coloured sandstone rocks which rise above Kalambaka, near the first hills of Pindos and Chasia mountain ranges.

The convents and monasteries of Meteora, which are built on the top of the huge rocks, are the second most significant monastic complex in Hellas in modern times, following Mount Athos.

From a total of 30 that used to be around, today only 6 are manned and in operation, and are included in the list of monuments of world’s heritage of UNESCO since 1988.


Athens is the capital of Hellas since 1834 and also the largest city of the country.

It is located in Attiki, in East Sterea Ellada and can be stated one of the most ancient city in the world, with written history dating back in 3.200 B.C.

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